Sunday, July 29, 2012

Brazil culture

Federal Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil) is the largest and most populous in South America. This country is the easternmost country on the American continent and is bordered by the Andes Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil's name derives from the name brasil wood, a type of local wood. Brazil is where extensive agriculture and tropical rain forests. As a former colony of Portugal, Brazil's official language is Portuguese.
Brazil's official language is Portuguese which is spoken by almost the entire population, it is very different from the other South American countries that use Spanish. Portuguese is the only language taught in schools and used in government and media. Other languages ​​used are different Brazilian indigenous languages ​​and languages ​​of immigrants such as English, German, Italian, Japanese, and Korean.
74% of Brazil's Roman Catholic, while 15.4% Protestant and growing embrace. Approximately 2.3 million (1.3%) the population adheres to Spiritism, the largest in the world. Other religions are traditional African religions, Judaism, and various religions and Shinto sepertiBuddhisme Asia. About 28 thousand people embraced Islam, or about 0.01% of the population of Brazil. This country is the country with the world's largest Catholic and adherents of most religions in the West Asia.
The most famous culture in Brazil is the Samba (pronunciation: [sɐbɐ]) is a Brazilian dance and music genre with roots in Africa. It is recognized worldwide as a symbol of Brazil and Brazilian Carnival. Regarded as one of the most popular expressions of Brazilian culture, samba has become an icon of national identity Brasil.Samba de Roda (circle dance) from Bahia, which is a world heritage by UNESCO in 2005 the humanitarian field, is the main root of the Carioca samba, samba played and danced in Rio de Janeiro.
Traditionally, the samba played by strings (cavaquinho and various types of guitar) and various percussion instruments such as tamborim. With the influence of American orchestras since the Second World War and postwar impact of the U.S. music culture, began to be used also wind instruments like the trombone, trumpet, choro, flute and clarinet.
In addition to dance culture in Brazil is also famous for martial arts called Capoeira. Capoeira is a martial sport that was developed by African slaves in Brazil in the years around the 1500s. Movement in capoeira and dance like a heavy dotted on the kick. The fight in capoeira is usually accompanied by music and called Jogo. Capoeira is often criticized because many people doubt its value in a real fight, compared to other martial arts such as Karate atauTaekwondo. Capoeira is a traditional martial arts system founded in Brazil by African slaves brought by the Portuguese to Brazil to work on large plantations. In ancient times they were put through exercises with the accompaniment of traditional musical instruments, such as the berimbau (a wooden arch with a rope strings are struck with a small wooden vibrates) and atabaque (large drum), and is also easier for them to hide the practice them in various activities. In capoeira techniques starting from the basic movements "Ginga" and not from the stop position which is characteristic of karate, taekwondo, martial arts, wushu kung fu, etc ...; Ginga movements of the body is ongoing and aims to find the right time to attack or defend itself, which is often refrain from attacks. Capoeira is not just become a culture, but also a national sport of Brazil, and the teachers of the country makes capoeira became continuously more international, teaching groups of students, a variety of fitness center, small organizations, etc.. Their students learn to sing songs of Capoeira in Portuguese - "Capoeira é pre Homi, / e mulhé mininu ..." (Capoeira for men / women and children). In Indonesia, as in other countries, the possibility of Capoeira will be growing.

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